February 11, 2009 By Reid Goldsborough
The Internet may be the world's newest communication medium, and books may be among the oldest, but the two have met in lots of interesting ways.
Electronic book readers, also called e-book readers, are one of the more interesting. They've been around since the 1990s as a way of marrying the portability of books with the search and storage capabilities of personal computers.
The biggest buzz today surrounds the release of the second version of Amazon Kindle, an e-book reader from Amazon.com, which began its life as an online bookstore in 1995 but has since diversified into other product lines.
Kindle was first released in November 2007, with Kindle 2 launching in February 2009. E-book readers haven't yet caught on in a big way in the marketplace, with the multiplicity of e-book formats, or "Tower of eBabel," confusing buyers and the high prices of readers keeping them away.
E-books are far more popular in Japan than the U.S., but Kindle 2 shows promise of attracting more users. It's the size of a paperback book but thinner and lighter -- at 10 ounces more than two pounds lighter than its predecessor.
One Kindle can take the place of hundreds of printed books, which has obvious advantages for students of all ages lugging around knapsacks and anyone who wants easy access to multiple books. You download books, among other ways, using Sprint's wireless broadband network, with more than 230,000 books available from Amazon.com at the time of this writing and other books available through other sources.
You can also download and read newspapers, magazines and blogs. Kindle comes with the New Oxford American Dictionary built in, which lets you quickly look up words. For more information, you can access the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Kindle's search capacity makes it easy to find a word or phrase across all the books and other materials you've downloaded. Unlike a laptop computer, its battery can last for several days of regular use.
At $359, Kindle isn't cheap, which will likely keep many people away. The cost of downloaded books is less than the paper versions, but not that much less. Widespread popularity will no doubt come when the cost of e-books better matches their actual cost. Kindle isn't the only e-book reader in town, with the Sony Reader being its main competition.
For traditionalists who still like paper, the Internet has also opened up a world of new choices. If you buy books but have never shopped at Amazon.com, Barnes & Noble's Web site, or other online booksellers, you owe yourself the experience.
Online bookstores let you search for books by title, author and subject, read reviews by professional book reviewers and fellow readers, and often browse through books whose publishers permit the practice online. Online bookstores have a much larger selection of books than any physical bookstore.
Each time you visit, the site recommends books based on your previous choices and the choices of other readers who've bought similar books. Buying is easy. After inputting your credit card information once, you can buy a book with a single click of your mouse. Books typically arrive in a matter of days.
One controversial aspect of online book buying is the easy ability of buying used books from used booksellers as well as fellow readers. In addition to the above sites, used books are available through eBay and Half.com as well as book aggregators such as
This Digital Communities white paper highlights discussions with IT officials in four counties that have adopted shared services models. Our aim was to learn about the obstacles these governments have faced when it comes to shared services and what it takes to overcome those roadblocks. We also spoke with several members of the IT industry who have thought long and hard about these issues. The paper offers some best practices for shared government-to-government services, but also points out challenges that government and industry still must overcome before this model gains widespread adoption.