April 21, 2006 By Blake Harris
Think that fiber bringing gigabit bandwidth to the home is somewhere out in the distant technological future? Think again. This is today's technology that Japan's NTT Communications Corp. is already installing in homes.
Last year, according to Larry Smarr, director of California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2), NTT had 1.6 million fiber customers. This year it is 4.6 million and the company is investing billions a year to aggressively achieve the goal of fiber based Internet service to 30 million homes by the end of 2010.
Both Smarr and keynote speaker Gavin Newsom, mayor of the City and County of San Francisco, emphasized that America is rapidly losing ground in the broadband race and that this has a serious economic impact, hampering the ability to compete globally.
"It has been a number of years now, since at least the late nineties, that study after study has been done by industry groups and the National Academy of Sciences all reaching the conclusion that if we could establish true broadband in America, it would have a huge economic impact," Smarr said.
Smarr and other scientists and researchers at Calit2 believe that it is a no-brainer that ubiquitous broadband access is going to be as critical to the 21st century as telephones, interstate highways and air travel were to the 20th century. In fact, this was part of the reason that Calit2 was established five years ago.
"Telecommunications and information technology are having a 'flattening' effect on the world, enabling global collaboration on a scale never seen before in history," explains a brochure on the Institute. "This ability to collaborate is changing the rules of competitiveness and thereby having an enormous effect on society?not just ours, but other countries around the world. Which means California and the U.S. can no longer depend on an unquestioned edge in innovation heading into the future..."
To research for the future, the institute has to have the bandwidth that will be commonplace in 10 or 20 years time. For this reason the two Calit2 research buildings constructed at the cost of $100 million from the State of California -- one at UC San Diego and the other at UC Irvine -- have an unimaginable amount of bandwidth. Gigabits and gigabits are available everywhere you turn -- more than there are applications yet to utilize it.
Smarr in his presentation shows just some of the uses that bandwidth is starting to be used for at Calit2 such as high definition video collaboration. And he argues that if we want to get an inkling of what the everyday Internet will look like in the not too distant future, you just have to see how Calit2 researchers are using their vast level of bandwidth today.
It is in this context that the notion of America failing behind in bandwidth penetration takes on fresh relevance.
"Our country is quite a bit behind," said Smarr. "One of the things we are doing to help the U.S. get back into the game in a number of technologies is that over the last five years, we've built this institute to learn how to live in a world where distances are virtually eliminated."
Even talking about a gigabit per second bandwidth into the
All over the country, community leaders are looking to boost economic development through various initiatives. One key element in many of those initiatives is the use of information technology. When local governments build IT infrastructure, create e-government applications, assist high-tech startups or otherwise focus on technology, they create conditions that draw businesses to their communities and help retain skilled workers. This paper discusses and provides examples of these various ways local government can use technology to ultimately make a community more attractive to businesses, visitors and residents.